Slovenian, Italian, Hungarian
To know Slovenia means to see its three sides. The north of the country is represented by Austrian and German heritage, classical architecture and ancient castles. Central Slovenia is a pastoral landscape with fields and coniferous forests, fast rivers between the foothills of the Alps. The south is filled with the masterpieces of Italian architects, Italian Baroque and sunny colors worthy of light and joyful contemplation. Discover your own Slovenia!
Top 10 interesting places and activities:
Take a walk along the streets of the Ljubljana Old Town
See the sunset at the observation deck of Ljubljana Castle
Visit the Slovenian National Gallery in Ljubljana
See the breathtaking scenery of Lake Bled
Enjoy the panorama of the fortified city of Maribor
Relax on the beaches of Piran resort town
Take a walk in the Logarska Valley
Go hiking in Triglav National Park
Approximate costs (person/day):
Sights map of Slovenia
Travel around Slovenia
Slovenia as an independent state has a short history. Only since the end of the Second World War did Slovenia gain relative independence within Yugoslavia, and only after the collapse of Yugoslavia (and the USSR) did it gain final sovereignty. However, the history of the Slovenian people is deeply rooted in the depths of centuries. The territory of modern Slovenia was settled by the Slavs in the 6th century AD, which supplanted the local tribes and firmly settled in these lands. Stronger and more powerful neighbors, the Franks, quickly crushed the Slovenes under themselves and forced them to become vassals. In the 14th century, the rising star of the House of Habsburg began to shine over the Slovenian lands, as a result, the local people began to obey the Austrian emperors until the collapse of their state.
Most of the Slovenian history is the history of vassal relations with the Austrian and German rulers who controlled these lands and carried out the Germanization. Almost the entire local population occupied the lowest positions in the social structure, and the Germans fueled everything. The territory was a transit region between Germany, Austria and Italy; there were large flows of goods and goods here. Slovenians suffered from the Turkish invasions in the 15-18 centuries, but not as much as the neighboring Hungarians and Serbs. Since the 16th century, Slovenes increasingly defended their folk traditions and national interests, and as a result, the use of the Slovene language increased throughout the region. With the collapse of Austria-Hungary, the Slovenes united with the Croats and the Serbs and formed a single state of Yugoslavia, which during World War II was divided between the Hitler coalition: Germany, Italy and Hungary.
At the end of the Second World War, Yugoslavia was restored, but already as a socialist republic in alliance with the USSR. At the same time, Slovenia was the richest part of this federal state. Since the end of the 80s of the 20th century, Slovenes have more and more persistently demanded recognition of their independence, which they personally endorsed in 1991. Immediately after this, the Ten-Day War of Slovenia with Yugoslavia broke out, as a result of which the Slovenes defended their sovereignty and eventually achieved independence. From that moment began the active development and prosperity of Slovenia as a new full-fledged state in Europe.
Today Slovenia is a peaceful, calm country with a fairly high standard of living and beautiful sights. Although during our visit to the country we visited only the capital city of Ljubljana, there are many enthusiastic reviews about this amazing country, where there are a lot of ancient architecture, pastoral landscapes and an indescribable atmosphere of harmony and pacification. In fact, it is felt even in the largest city in the country, where even on the weekend there are few people on the streets, a very calm pace of life, and a well-groomed pedestrian city center leaves a very pleasant impression. In Ljubljana, a huge stone castle rises immediately on a high hill above the whole city. It offers stunning panoramas of the capital and its environs, especially at dawn and sunset hours. In front of the castle are the historical quarters of Ljubljana, whose special architecture resembles either the Austrian Alps, the Italian north, or the Croatian coast. The small historical center of Ljubljana embodies the styles of classicism and baroque, combined with Slavic writings and bas-reliefs that have a very harmonic view.
In Ljubljana, you can learn a lot about the national traditions of Slovenes, not only by taking a walk around the historical center, but also by looking at the folk art in Slovenian National Gallery, which is considered one of the best national galleries in Europe. This is because it is really dedicated to folk art, and is not just a collection of everyday objects exported from other countries or simply masterpieces of art from world-famous authors. Unfortunately, Slovenia has few artists, sculptors or world-famous musicians, however, it has many folk authors who are exhibited in the gallery. If you want to see real folk art - you should visit this place. In addition to the monumental castle and well-groomed streets of the old town, in Ljubljana there is a large Tivoli park, where you can have a very pleasant walk in any weather.
To understand Slovenia means to see its three forms, which differ not only in nature, but also in historical eras. The north of the country is represented by the Austrian and German heritage, which is reflected in classical architecture, ancient castles and even local customs. Here is located the pearl of Slovenian nature Lake Bled, which attracts millions of tourists every year because of its incredible alpine landscapes and the famous panorama of the island church. Nearby the ancient Bled Castle is located, which participated in many military operations and has Austrian roots. Not far from the lake is the Triglav National Park, named after the three mountain peaks towering in its center. This is one of the most picturesque corners of Slovenia (along with the Logarska Valley), where the Socha River flows with azure water, and also there is an alpine Lake Bohinj. Be sure to stroll through this sights, you will get a lot of pleasure!
Central Slovenia is an endless pastoral landscape where fields are replaced by dense coniferous forests, wide mountain rivers flow between the rocky foothills of the Alps, and rare villages with the obligatory Catholic church in the distance create a unique feeling of tranquility and prosperity. In the east of Slovenia along the Drau River lies the ancient city of Maribor, whose red tiled roofs and classical style with baroque elements repeat the architecture of Czech and Slovak neighbors. Two ancient castles are located here, which participated in hostilities with the Hungarians and Ottoman Turks, and today they attract a few tourists - Celje and Otocec. Finally, in eastern Slovenia, there is the cozy city of Novo Mesto, on the centuries-old streets of which there is a measured provincial life.
The south of the country is filled with the masterpieces of Italian architects, the famous Italian baroque and sunny colors worthy of easy and cheerful contemplation. The coastal cities of Piran, Izola and Koper are not only excellent resorts, but also have extremely picturesque landscapes, which you should definitely enjoy. Not far from them are located one of the largest karst caves in Europe - Skocjanske Caves, next to which are smaller, but no less beautiful caves of Postojna.
Slovenia is a very beautiful country, rich in nature and national architecture. If it was not in your plans for a visit before, then the time has come to go there next summer. You will have no regrets!