first republic in the world
Microstate of San Marino - the oldest republic in the world. Surrounded on all sides by Italy, it maintains its independence and special status thanks to its ancient history and traditions. The medieval fortress of Guiata and the watchtowers on Mount Titano are the main sites of the country. Try to enjoy the sunrise here - the misty landscapes and sun-drenched valleys are breathtaking.
Top 10 interesting places and activities:
Climb the fortress walls of Guaita
Visit all the fortress towers on Mount Titano
Learn the history of San Marino at the State Museum
See old cars and airplanes in Rovereta museums
Enter the ancient monastery of Saint Clara
See the skeletons and wagons of the railroad in San Marino
Relax in the San Marino amusement park
Walk through the picturesque parks of San Marino
Enjoy breathtaking panoramas of the San Marino and Adriatic surroundings in Rimini
To go around the whole country in one day and put a stamp on its visit in the passport
Sights map of San Marino
Travel in San Marino
According to legend, San Marino was founded in the 4th century AD, when a hermit monk from Croatia found shelter here and founded a cell to pray. Pilgrims began to flock to him, a monastery was formed, named after the monk - Saint Marina. Since then, it is customary to count the independent existence of the "republic" of San Marino, which is considered as the oldest republic in the world. At the same time, the country's Constitution was adopted only in 1600, which means that until that moment all political and legal issues were resolved without its necessity. This is almost 12 centuries of democratic gatherings of local residents!
During its long history, the republic practically did not participate in hostilities (except for land clashes with neighboring Italians), but in the last century the republic participated in both world wars. In the First World War, the country sent 20 volunteer soldiers to help the Entente, of whom almost all returned. The country did not participate in World War II, but did not oppose the short occupation by German soldiers. In 1951, there was an interesting conflict in the country, when Italy imposed a blockade of San Marino because of the desire of local residents to establish a casino. Republic had to quickly abandon their plans.
In 1991, San Marino joined the European Union, and since 2009, the citizens of Italy and San Marino are fully equal in all rights in each other’s territories. Here they speak Italian, go for goods and products to Italy, fly out of the country through the Italian airport of Rimini. There is a zero crime rate here, and a small guard wards the Presidential Palace with steel swords. The entire local population has excellent social security and a lot of benefits, thanks to which it opens business for visiting tourists. Moreover, San Marino has a very high average life expectancy of about 85 years, which can partly be explained by the excellent climate and the occasional use of local wine...
The size of San Marino is so small that you can literally get around it in one day. Being one of the seven microstates of Europe, it strongly depends on neighboring Italy economically and socially. In a small space, it is almost impossible to keep the required volume of agriculture and industrial production, so most of the goods are imported into the country. There is no railway, bus station and airport in the country, so you can get here by car or bus from Italy. For a short time, the country had a railway from San Marino to Rimini, but it was destroyed during World War II; today its remnants can be seen near the capital of the republic. San Marino is visited by many tourists from all over the world, mostly vacationers on the beaches of Italian Rimini - about 3 million people a year. Compare this figure with the population of the country - 33 thousand people to assess the scale of the local tourism industry! It is not surprising that half of the local population is engaged in the service and cultural leisure in the country, with which several interesting facts are connected. For example, 10% of the country's GDP is provided by the sale of stamps with state symbols to tourists.
The most beautiful place in San Marino is the high mountain of Monte Titano, where the historical part of the capital is located. From its panoramic promenades, breathtaking views of the surrounding hills can be seen, and in clear weather you can see the whole country and even the Adriatic Sea in Rimini. The ancient fortress of Guaita rises on the very edge of sheer cliffs, and its fortress walls were once connected by a single stone wall with watchtowers, on which today you can walk from the central fortress along the three preserved towers. It looks extremely picturesque and impressive, especially in the rays of the setting or dawn sun. Although there is no particular culture of San Marino, different from the Italian one, there are many museums throughout the old town devoted to the life of the people, weapons business and even torture. Here, every tourist for a fee will be able to see many exceptional exhibits - from irons and teapots to guns and samurai swords. Also in the center of the city stands an ascetic Basilica, where you can enjoy peace and tranquility, and for a special fee you can even visit the Presidential Palace on Freedom Square.
Outside the city of San Marino is the San Marino Adventures park, several well-kept nature parks and the old monastery of Saint Clare. You can walk to the remains of the old railway, visit the car museum or the aviation museum (already in Italy), but, of course, nothing compares to the panoramas of the country from the fortress walls of the capital.
Come to San Marino for a couple of days and admire its picturesque scenery!