on the southern borders of Rus
Ryazan region is famous for great battles, monuments of Orthodox architecture and ancient crafts. Here in the city of Kasimov is the ancient capital of the Tatar Khanate, and nearby are the classic Russian landscapes, which were glorified by the poet Sergei Yesenin. The endless expanses of the Oka, majestic monasteries, folk crafts and reserved forest groves - all this can be found in the vicinity of Ryazan.
Top 10 interesting places to visit:
Ryazan Kremlin, Ryazan
Pochtovaya street and Pochtovaya square, Ryazan
Ryazan Lollipop Museum, Ryazan
Settlement "Old Ryazan", Staraya Ryazan
John the Theological Monastery, Poshupovo
Museum-reserve of S.A. Yesenin, Konstantinovo
Solotchinsky Monastery, Solotcha
Trinity Cathedral, Gus-Zhelezny
Cathedral Square and museums of folk crafts in Kasimov
Meshchera National Park and Oka Nature Reserve
Sights map of the Ryazan region
Detailed map of all places in the region can be seen on the website of the national tourism portal RUSSIA.TRAVEL
Travel in the Ryazan region
If the holy army shouts: “Leave you Russia, live in paradise!”, I will say: “I do not want paradise, give me my homeland.” S.A. Yesenin
Homeland ... how much is connected with this word for each person. Homeland is a native home, a sense of stability and protection in the face of a changing world. Homeland is a family, the warmth of the hearth and the love of loved ones. Homeland is a country that a patriot should serve, remaining faithful until the very end. Finally, the Homeland is a place where a person finds himself, acquires a feeling of a place close to himself in spirit. Each person in life is born twice: the first time he acquires a body, a physical shell and the time that is allotted to him; the second time he acquires his personality, his Homeland and place in the Universe. The first birth takes place without a person’s decision, while the second is his personal choice. Wherever the road of life leads, every person has a fire that burns inside. It warms in cold times of doubt, hardship and deprivation, gives strength to fight and resistance, clears the place of everything old and alluvial and opens up new paths for future achievements.
As well as each person carries the fire of life in himself, a particular places embody the feelings and thoughts of millions of people who have passed through them. They absorb the energy of the actions of entire nations and are filled with significance that is important for every person living here. This is the memory of the generations that left their mark in this land, which has been transmitted through the centuries as a history, surrounded by legends and myths. They fuel the "inner fire" of local residents, filling their life with meaning, traditions and values that are important for shaping their sense of homeland. But, as in the case of people, the territories also have a times of changes. Sometimes events take place that change them irrevocably, and the past is forever erased from history, remaining only fragments in museums and vague false memories ... But life goes on and on, and now the outlines of a new world appear that will form a new look, new values and a new homeland for the people living here. This has repeatedly happened to the Ryazan region, which throughout its history has been home to many nations, has repeatedly found itself in desolation and then met with radical changes in life, everytime became a new homeland.
The history of the Ryazan region is full of events that influenced the course of the Russian state history. In the 11-13 centuries, the Chernigov principality owned this territory, which subsequently broke up into many specific principalities. One of these was the Grand Duchy of Ryazan, which was one of the most prosperous Russian principalities in the 12-16 century. However, its existence was not smooth: in 1237, a large army of Mongols under the command of Khan Batu approached the borders of Ryazan land near the Voronezh River and besieged the capital of the principality. The result was a battle to the death, which six days later ended in defeat. Having burst into the city, the Mongols destroyed everything, turning the city with a population of 10,000 into ashes. Nowadays, in the place of Old Ryazan there is only a wasteland, where nothing reminds of ancient times.
At that time, the Ryazans have created a legend about Evpaty Kolovrat, an epic Russian hero who chopped down hundreds of Mongols with a small detachment. According to legend, Evpaty was away, and upon returning to his homeland he found the city already ruined. Gathering the few survivors (about 1,700 people), he set off in pursuit of the enemy. Having overtaken the Mongols in Suzdal, "... Evpaty beat them so mercilessly that their swords were dulled, and he took Tatar swords and chopped them." The amazed Khan Batu sent the hero Khostovrul, brother of his wife, against Evpaty, "... and with him the strong Tatar regiments." Hostovrul promised Batu to bring Evpaty Kolovrat alive, but died in a duel with him. Despite the huge numerical superiority of the Tatars, in the course of a fierce battle, Evpaty Kolovrat “began to sever the Tatar force, and beat many famous heroes of the Baty...”. There is a legend that the envoy of Batu, sent for negotiations, asked Evpaty: "What do you want?" And he received the answer - "Only die!". Struck by desperate courage and martial art of the Ryazan hero, Baty said “Oh, Evpaty! If you had served with me, I would have kept you at the very heart! ”. So he gave the body of the killed Evpaty Kolovrat to the surviving Ryazan soldiers and, in honor to their courage, ordered them to be released without causing any harm. Although this did not save the Ryazan principality from death, the feat of Evpaty Kolovrat formed the basis of the Russian epic, which is now immortalized on Pochtovaya Square in the new capital of the region - the city of Ryazan.
Repeated devastating raids of the Tatar-Mongol and tribute payments destroyed almost the entire heritage of the Ryazan principality, as a result it fell under the strong influence of Moscow, which was gaining strength. The liberation from the Tatar-Mongol yoke began with the Battle of the Vozha River, where the troops of Dmitry Ivanovich (later called Donskoy) defeated the rats of the Mongols, and the Battle of Kulikovo that followed a couple of years later completely liberated the Russian principalities from the yoke. With the destruction of the external enemy, internal strife resumed, and after the death of Ryazan Grand Duke Oleg, the political and soon administrative functioning of the Ryazan passed to Moscow. In the middle of the 16th century, Moscow Prince Vasily II settled in here the Tatars from the captured lands of the Volga Bulgaria, who received their autonomous khanate (now the city of Kasimov). Over the next two centuries, the residents of Ryazan took part in the colonization of the territories of the Voronezh, Lipetsk and Tambov regions, creating border outposts there. In fact, thanks to Ryazans, the Wild Fields have ceased to be wild.
In the 18-19 centuries, the Ryazan lands repeatedly changed their borders: Peter the Great included them in the Moscow province, and Catherine II separated them from Moscow; certain areas passed to Lipetsk and back. The prosperity and industrial development of the region was largely ensured by the railway from Moscow, which was built in 1866 by the Russian businessman and philanthropist Pavel Grigoryevich von Derviz. Thanks to him, the Ryazan region received a powerful impetus to development, but the entrepreneur and his family did much more for the region. Pavel Grigoryevich rebuilt the mirror factory in the village of Kiritsy into a fabulous palace, making it his suburban manor. His son Pavel built a stud farm in the village of Starozhilovo, where some of the best Russian and foreign horse breeds were raised, and he also built the magnificent Peter and Paul Church there. After the October Revolution, the von Derviz family had to leave the country, and their heritage was nationalized. Those difficult times connected with a turning point in Russian culture and the struggle between the past and the future were perfectly described by the poet Sergey Yesenin, whose love for his homeland touched the hearts of millions of people. Today, his museum-reserve in Konstantinovo attracts crowds of tourists in a desire to realize the hidden meanings and significance of his work, as well as to enjoy the magnificent landscapes of the Oka River.
With the advent of Soviet power, life in the region again changed radically. Due to food requisitioning, nationalization and dispossession, people were pulled from villages to cities, so the city of Ryazan received a powerful development of cultural and social life. The capital has long been the craft and industrial center of the region, but now schools, colleges and art galleries have begun to open in large numbers here. In 1918, the first infantry courses of the Red Army commanders were opened in Ryazan, which were later renamed the Russian Airborne Forces. During the Great Patriotic War, Ryazan was able to defend its lands from the Nazi invaders, and immediately after it began to actively build up new factories and neighborhoods. From the 1950s to 1980s, Ryazan was one of the richest cities in Central Russia. In the 1990s, all industrial production began to decline, and over a decade the city lost more than 100,000 inhabitants. Today Ryazan is again actively developing and building up with multi-storey complexes, similar to which can only be found in Moscow. Many residents of the region continue to move from villages to Ryazan or to the neighboring Moscow region, further enhancing the urbanization of the region.
Over the past few decades, Ryazan has not acquired a single new attraction, but it perfectly preserves the heritage of the past. If you want to know more about ancient history, go on an educational tour to the Ryazan Kremlin and Old Ryazan place. A trip to the oldest Orthodox monasteries in Solotcha and Poshchupovo will allow you to touch the religious heritage of the region. But if you suddenly want a secluded holiday in the bosom of nature, then you can safely keep your way to the Meshchera National Park or Oka Nature Reserve - there you can feel real harmony with nature.
I invite you to get to know better the Ryazan region - a place that has changed so often and rapidly in the past, but that today is reviving and replenishing life again.