romance of the "middle strip" of Russia
The Oryol region is one of the smallest and most comfortable regions in Central Russia. The ancient cities of Mtsensk, Bolkhov and Livny were founded in the 12th century to defend the southern borders of Russia. In numerous museums you can learn about the traditions of clay whistles, skillful lace and red thread embroidery. There is also one of the most beautiful estates in Russia - "Spasskoye-Lutovinovo". Here is the real romance of central Russia!
Top 10 interesting places to visit:
Railway station square and the railway station in Oryol
Central Square, Oryol
Lenin Street, Oryol
Museum of Fine Arts, Oryol
Shopping arcade complex, Oryol
Alexander Bridge and Arts Square, Oryol
Park "Strelka Oka and Orlika", Oryol
Temple complex "Krasnaya Gorka", Bolkhov
Museum-reserve of I.S. Turgenev "Spasskoye-Lutovinovo", Spasskoye-Lutovinovo
National Park "Oryol Woodlands"
Sights map of the Oryol region
Detailed map of all places in the region can be seen on the website of the national tourism portal RUSSIA.TRAVEL
Travel in the Oryol region
Oryol region is a land of dense forests and endless fields, small villages and large cities, great artists and ancient history. Acquaintance with the area for most tourists begins with the city of Oryol - the capital of the region and its main cultural center. I strongly advise you to come to Oryol by train: then you not only save money and time, but also will see one of the most beautiful railway squares in the Russia. I am convinced that such a complex of buildings can not be found in any other place: the entrance to the station is built in the form of symmetric ancient temples, and the bright main building with beautiful stained glass windows invites you to spend a lot of time here in contemplating beauty. At night, the colonnades are also highlighted in the colors of the Russian flag - it looks very epic and patriotic! On the railway square there is also a sculpture of an eagle, set in honor of the 450th anniversary of the city and its symbol. It will be completely illogical to visit Oryol and not to pictured the sculpture of an eagle ... on the other hand, you can see more than one sculpture of eagles around the city, so it is almost impossible to miss them. This is the case when the name of the city directs its tourist brand.
Oryol is a large and beautiful city, which is especially good at the time of the "golden autumn". Then the streets and boulevards are painted with colorful trees, and the warmth of the summer sun illuminates beautiful buildings in the classic Soviet style. The city of Oryol was heavily damaged during the Russian Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, and therefore the bulk of state and residential buildings in it were built during the reconstruction. However, the monuments of architecture of the 17-19 centuries have been preserved, which were restored according to the old models and today are very pleasing to the eye. Such are, for example, the complex of old shopping malls, the building of the state bank and the Cathedral of Michael the Archangel. I strongly advise you to start exploring the city with these buildings in order to stroll "through history" from Arts Square across the beautiful Alexander Bridge along Lenin's pedestrian street, at the end coming out onto a wide central square. It is already built in the classic Soviet style, but in Oryol a complex of state buildings looks very harmonious and beautiful, does not create the feeling of heaviness or pressure. On the contrary, here the buildings of the Council House, the theater, the main post office and the hotel look very nice, and the feeling of freedom and spaciousness makes it easy to walk around this place and move on to Orlovsky or Children's Parks, the square of the 400th anniversary of the Oryol on the river’s “arrow” or in the center of the city.
The history of the Oryol region is very similar to the history of the neighboring regions - the Bryansk, Kursk, Belgorod regions. In old times, these lands were inhabited very little, largely due to the distance from the cultural centers of the time. A small number of settlements of independent Balts and northerners who lived here for centuries were annexed to the Chernihiv principality in the 10th century, the largest in that region at that time. They paid a small tribute, but because of the distance from the "centers of life" they remained virtually independent of the rule of the principality. But then the Tatar-Mongols came, destroyed all the little that was here, and for 200 years these territories fell under their control. Then the troops of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania invaded from the north, which held this land right up to the beautiful transition of the neighboring Kurians under the authority of the Moscow principality, which was the reason for the start of the war between Moscow and Lithuania. The war was won, and the territory of the Oryol region was ceded to the Moscow principality, became the frontier. It had to be defended from enemies from the west and south, so the Oryol fortress was founded, into which all the administrative and military departments for managing the territory (now the city of Oryol) were transferred. During the Time of Troubles, the Orlov people swore allegiance to False Dmitry I (after the Kurans) and fought with him and his successor False Dmitry II until their final defeat against the Moscow principality. During the 18th and 19th centuries, the territory of the Oryol region repeatedly passed between neighboring provinces, and there were periodic uprisings of peasants and revolutionaries here. The Oryol region was a springboard for white troops during the assault of Moscow in the early 20th century. It responded to it by mass executions of the population during the Bolshevik "big terror", but, in spite of everything, the region gradually developed and flourished. The ensuing Russian Great Patriotic War greatly undermined the welfare of the region, but after the war it was quickly restored and today is one of the beautiful good edges of the "middle strip" of Russia.
Oryol is not only about beautiful architectural works of art, but also the birthplace of famous Russian writers and poets. Such workers of culture and art as Bunin I.A., Fet A.A., Prishvin M.M., Turgenev I.S. and many others. Most of them were inspired by the nature of the region, and therefore in their works one can often hear about the beautiful Oryol woodlands. By the way, it is also a large national park, which is located in the region, where you can relax in harmony with nature, go hiking or fishing. And in Oryol itself on Lenin Street you can find banners with quotes from the works of the classics, as well as visit the house-museums in which these authors lived and worked.
The city of Oryol has an ancient history, but the history of the region is much longer and more thriving. In the old town of Bolkhov there is a beautiful complex of churches that were rebuilt during the times of Ivan the Terrible by his personal order. This city played a significant role during the Tatar-Mongol invasion (as well as the neighboring Mtsensk), repeated uprisings against the Russian and Soviet authorities. Today, it is a cozy county town, in which, against the background of dilapidated wooden village houses, domes of churches are towering - a truly “Russian landscape”.
The Oryol region is famous for its nature, which inspired more than one generation of writers, poets and painters. The most beautiful time for exploring the forests and fields of the region is the warm “golden autumn”. This time colors the neighborhood in an incredible range of colors, from dark green to bright red. At this time I had the opportunity to visit one of the most beautiful estates of Russian writers - the Turgenev's estate "Spasskoe-Lutovinovo". It is painted in delicate purple color, which is very beautifully in tune with orange and yellow foliage. Next to it are thick forests and lakes, where you feel peace and tranquility, complete unity with nature. I have no doubt that the "Oryol Woodlands" national park located in the region is especially beautiful and magnificent at this time.
The Oryol region is a peaceful, idyllic landscape, with rare villages on hilly slopes, blue lakes and thick deciduous forests. This is one of the centers of Russian art, praised in the works of writers and poets. Finally, this is a beautiful city of military glory Oryol, which has retained its historical architecture and harmoniously incorporated it into modernity. I was very happy to visit these places, which left me a lot of pleasant impressions. That is why I recommend everyone to drop in here for a while and feel the real “Russian spirit”.