Norwegian krone, NOK
Norway is a northern country with nature of incredible beauty. Here, outside the cities, landscapes of fjords open, Aurora Borealis spreads over the fabulous Lofoten Islands, rocks are carved in ancient stones, and waves of the North Sea beat against the northernmost cape of Europe. Here, harsh weather gives way to warm summers, and the polar landscapes of Svalbard give way to the romance of orchards in the fjords.
Top 10 interesting places and activities:
Learn about the religion of the ancient Vikings in the stave churches in Heddal, Borgund, Urnes and Vikøyri
Breathe in the frosty air in the high mountains of Jotunheimen Park
Drive along one of the most beautiful railways of the world between the villages of Myrdal and Flåm
See the Aurora Borealis near the Arctic Cathedral in Tromsø
Approximate costs (person/day):
Sights map of Norway
Travel around Norway
The first people came to Norway more than 10,000 years ago, and since then settled on these lands. They constituted various clans, which were ruled by elected tribal leaders - jarls. Already in antiquity, the Norwegians demonstrated the wonders of a democratic system: the leaders were ruled and elected by the peasants, and they could be expelled if they imposed too cruel taxes or tyranny. The slaves were mostly captives from neighboring tribes, but they were not treated cruelly or severely. Norse mythology says that Odin is the God in Valhalla, a kind of Christian "paradise" where only heroes stay. Therefore, all men, especially fighters, were brave warriors who dreamed of dying a heroic death. This formed the strongest culture of the Vikings, who became great pioneers, navigators and strongest warriors in the northern lands. This also influenced the culture of modern Norwegians, thanks to which they have many famous travelers: Thor Heyerdahl, Roald Amundsen, Fridtjof Nansen, Helge Ingstad and many others.
The Vikings went on long hikes for conquest, acquiring wealth and glory; they captured Iceland, part of Britain, part of the French lands (Normandy), even went on war campaigns to Constantinople. For the most part, they were not a single folk - only scattered clans, but in the 9th century, thanks to King Harald, an autocracy was established, which led to the emergence of a single state of Norway. In the following years, persistent attempts were made to impose Christianity on the Norwegians, but the stubborn resistance of the peasants with the pagan faith condemned the matter to failure. Periodic wars with neighboring Swedes and Danes led to alternate dominion over the Norwegians of both nations, and vice versa - the Norwegians ruled them for some periods. But in the end, the Swedes received complete inherited power over Norway, and since then the Norwegians were ruled by Sweden until the end of the 14th century, when the throne was given to the new king of Denmark, and to the Kalmar Union, which established an alliance between the three Scandinavian states. Remote control of the Norwegian lands caused problems with the economy and oppression of the population, often riots against foreign rule. Especially Swedish, who always sought to annex the Norwegians to their land (which gave rise to frequent conflicts and the threat of large-scale war), but could not do it in the end. The democratic approach of the Norwegians to the solution of external and internal problems is striking. In fact, the main part of all historical political decisions was made by the people themselves and their elected representatives, and not by their rulers. Even the kings could not do anything if the people refused to obey. As a result, on August 13, 1905, a nationwide vote was held on breaking the union with Sweden, and the result of the referendum surpassed all expectations: 99% of the votes were cast for the break from Sweden, while 81% of the population participated in the vote. As a result, in 1907 in Christiania (the capital of Norway, now Oslo) a document was signed on the establishment of independence of Norway. Since then, the era of development and prosperity of the country, despite the insignificant participation in both world wars, began.
Today, Norway is the country with the highest level of living in the world. Most of the revenue comes from the oil sector - the country exports the most oil in all countries of the world, except for Saudi Arabia. As a result of a clear, fair and honest distribution of taxes and incomes, the population receives excellent social security, the highest salaries and pensions, as well as excellent infrastructure. Interesting fact: 99% of electricity in the country is generated by hydroelectric power plants, which is a huge plus for the best in the world ecology. 85% of Norwegians do not consider themselves as religious (this is the highest figure in the world!), and another 10% are followers of the Lutheran faith. Perhaps it was too difficult for the Norwegians to get to Christian preachers (they actively resisted them), and perhaps for them religion is not at all in the "transcendental figure in heaven", but in the surrounding natural beauty and everyday work, which leave no place in their hearts. Despite frequent rains and a harsh climate, most Norwegians lead a very active lifestyle. From young to old, many locals do jogging every day, ride bicycles and go on short mountain hikes. It is not surprising that the Norwegians are among the famous pioneers of humanity, as their whole environment contributes to such a way of life.
Norway, located on numerous archipelagoes stretching to the north is a country on the Scandinavian Peninsula, striking the imagination from the first moments. Here is the harsh, monumental and charming nature, the cleanest air and water that can be drunk directly from the mountain lakes, an incredibly high standard of living and kind friendly people. Although everything here is incredibly expensive, these places attract millions of tourists annually. It's really worth coming here to see everything with your own eyes. For me personally, Norway is the best country I have ever visited, it is very close to my heart and my own spirit.
Norway is famous for its natural landscapes. Huge mountain ranges, carved by deep crevices with water, cover about a third of the country's area, and these fjords formed by glaciers are the most beautiful northern landscapes of the world. Sognefjord, Geirangerfjord, Lysefjord and Hardangerfjord and many others along the coast of the North Sea are worthy of enjoying their views once in a lifetime. Moreover, on the way between them you will meet hundreds of sights: mountain lakes and gorges, ice tunnels and high serpentines, ancient Viking's stave churches, as well as a huge number of breathtaking landscapes for which millions of tourists come here. Norwegians themselves love and cherish their nature. They take care of it, clean up all the garbage and arrange walking routes - one of the longest in the world - so that every traveler can fully enjoy it. By the way, the Norwegians use every opportunity to go to the mountains, at any time of the year, any weather and time of day. Perhaps that is why they are considered one of the healthiest nations on the planet?
The beauty of the architecture of Norway is revealed in small towns and villages, surrounded by the water spaces. One of the pearls of the country is the city of Bergen, which for some time was the capital of the country and today is striking in its nature, incredible purity and punctuality. It embodies all the values of the Norwegians: work, environment and sport. Although Bergen is one of the rainiest cities on the planet, it is beautiful in all weather, especially if you are hiking in the surrounding mountains. Each such trip is a small journey filled with harmony with the world and a feeling of incredible happiness, because nature here is a sight for sights. Severe gorges, high misty mountains with lakes and winding river valleys capture the imagination, creating a feeling of unreality of what is happening. The city center with its old harbor and well-groomed streets will undoubtedly also leave a lot of pleasant impressions. And if you climb to the top of the Bergenhus fortress or to the observation point of Floyen, you can enjoy the large-scale panorama of the city surrounded by water bays. By the way, not far from Bergen there are several famous Norwegian fjords, as well as one of the most beautiful railways of the world between the villages of Myrdal and Flåm. If you go to those places, be sure to take a ferry trip between Flåm and Gudvangen, so you can fully enjoy the famous landscapes of the Norwegian fjords.
Eight hours on one of the most beautiful railways in the world from Bergen - and you will find yourself in the ancient capital of Norway, Oslo. It fills with the mystical northern atmosphere, which immediately penetrates the soul when you meet the national culture. The city has many museums, the most famous of which are the National Museum, the Vigeland Sculpture Park and the Munch Museum, one of the famous artists of the country and the world. But if you want to get acquainted with the culture of the ancient Vikings, the stories of their battles and folk pagan beliefs, then you should visit the museums of Bygdoy Island, which conclude all the most important things in the history of the country: the Viking Ship Museum, the Fram Museum, the Kon-Tiki Museum, Norwegian Museum of Cultural History. Oslo is a large metropolis, built in a classic style, but lately it has been heavily built up with glass skyscrapers. The areas of the old port (Aker Brugge) and Gamle-Oslo, where modern art museums, opera, business centers and luxury apartments with their own beaches are located, represent the apotheosis of the modern minimalist style that is so popular among Norwegians. Even the Royal Palace in the city looks extremely austere and concise. But do not be deceived by the look, because in Norway the welfare of the population is more important than of the individual authorities. The royal family lives in the palace, and here the king personally, once a week, receives people from all strata of the population, personally hears all their requests and wishes. It is definitely means something!
Norway is impossible to see and understand by one trip. You can come here again and again, and each time something new and beautiful will be revealed. Here, outside Oslo, Bergen and Alesund, the majestic landscapes of the fjords with unique places of Preikestolen, Trolltunga and Kierag. Here the distant highland national parks with high waterfalls, glaciers and countless lakes fill the central regions of the country. Here over the fabulous Lofoten Islands and the northern city of Tromsø, Aurora Borealis spreads across the sky, rock paintings are carved in stones in Alta, and the waves of the North Sea beat on the northest cape of Europe Nordkapp. Here the harsh weather gives way to a warm summer, and the harsh polar landscapes of Svalbard give way to the romance of orchards above the fjords.
Norway should definitely be seen with your own eyes, because this place is a real Scandinavian paradise. This is a distant, dear, harsh and at the same time one of the happiest countries on the planet, which you will want to admire forever!