luxurious legacy of the Habsburgs
Austria is the heart of the once powerful Habsburg empire, whose legacy still makes the country one of the richest and most beautiful in terms of culture and tourism. The majestic architecture of Vienna and Salzburg, the calm and friendly atmosphere, stunning natural landscapes - from the snow-covered and forested Alps to the graceful Danube and the ice caves of Eisriesenwelt - Austria is amazing. One cannot help falling in love with this country!
Top 10 interesting places and activities:
Experience the heritage of the Habsburgs at the Hofburg and Schönbrunn palaces, Vienna
Visit the National Library of Austria and the Vienna Opera
See the magnificent Catholic churches Votivkirche, Peterskirche and Karlskirche, Vienna
Explore Natural History Museum and Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Marvel at the jewelry craftsmanship at the Swarovski Crystal Museum, Innsbruck
Climb the Alpine ridges from the old town in Innsbruck
Take the Grossglockner to Hohe Tauern National Park
See the mountain lakes of Austria (Hallstatter, Attersee, Zeller)
Visit the numerous palaces in Mozart's birthplace of Salzburg
Feel the ancient history of Austria at the castles of Hohenwerfen, Kreuzenstein, Hohensalzburg and Hochosterwitz
One more: experience the atmosphere of the Wachau Valley and the villages of Krems and Melk
Sights map of Austria
Travel in Austria
The history of Austria as one of the oldest European monarchies is inextricably linked with the history of the German people. The cultural and national unity of these states has been preserved from the moment of their inception up to this day, which can be recognized even in similar values, cultural ideals and a common language. Thanks to the rare military conflicts and the competent policy of the emperors, the Austrian people led a relatively prosperous life for most of their existence.
In 1918, Charles I withdrew from the reign of Austria and Hungary and annexed the first one to Germany, which marked the end of Austria-Hungary empire and marked the beginning of the existence of Austria as an independent republic within the German state. From this moment on, the official history of the Austrian state is conducted, which in the mid-20th century was marred by the Second World War (the "Ansluzi" of 1938), during which the state was occupied by German troops. After the end of the war, denazification took place in the state for ten years and was controlled by 4 other states. Only in 1955 the Austrian State Treaty was signed, which formed the current territorial and political structure of the country. In the same year, the country adopted a law on neutrality, which implied the country's non-interference in any political or military coalition in the world; it steadily follows to this day.
Today Austria is one of the richest countries in Europe and the world. The political neutrality and competent state policy led the Austrian people to prosperity, increasing their welfare day by day. In Austria, the agrarian-industrial sector, banking and tourism are well developed. The latter brings the country up to 6% of annual GDP and makes up a larger share of income for the local population. Many famous scholars and artists came from Austria, and science (mainly natural science) was supported and financed here at all times. Due to this, the country has accumulated a huge number of national and cultural works of art, which can be seen in huge museums of natural history and history of art.
Austria is a country with a very high standard of living. German rigor and punctuality combined with a sense of beauty brought up over the centuries have made her one of the richest and most beautiful countries in Europe. Here you can find elegant architecture, monumental centuries-old buildings and works of art: from many museums to public spaces.
In Austria, every city is a historical monument, preserved thanks to attentive care and the absence of military conflicts over the centuries. Take, for example, the capital of a state. Vienna is probably one of the richest and most luxurious cities in Europe. It is full of incredible palaces, museums resembling palaces, gothic cathedrals and churches resembling museums ... Wealth and luxury are at every step: from marble pavement and residential buildings in the Baroque style to gilded domes of cathedrals shining in the sun. And if you look inside these structures, the spirit is breathtaking from the magnificence and delight!
Take, for example, the museums of natural history and the history of art, located opposite each other on the palace square. They are monumental works of art built by competitors who want to show each other their greatness and status. Museum of Natural History is a huge collection of minerals (more than 20 000 examples), the classification of all possible amphibians, mammals, fish and other living creatures (including extinct!). It is not surprising, because the Austrian Academy of Sciences has been a stronghold and foundation of natural science since immemorial time. Museum of Art History was collected the best works of artists from ancient times to the Renaissance and the end of the 20th century. Here you can see Rafael, Titian, Archimboldo, Caravaggio, van Eyck, Bosch, Rubens, Bruegel and many others ...
And what are the palaces in Vienna! Hofburg, Schönbrunn, Belvedere ... it’s worth a look at least once in life. It seems that all the wealth of the Roman Empire (and even half of Europe) was brought to Vienna and left here for storage and display of the local aristocracy. And what about the Austrian National Library? This art work is a real masterpiece, included in the treasury of the world cultural heritage. It is truly worth visiting Vienna for at least once in your life and enjoying its wealth.
But be prepared to pay twice for these treasures! In Austria, as high a standard of living as high the price level. For example, a trip to the Schönbrunn Palace, the main residence of the Habsburgs, will cost 20 euros per person, and a small dinner in a cafe - about 30-40 euros. With such prices I strongly advise you to go to the Austrian National Library and historical museums, which, in my opinion, overshadow the wealth of even the palace complexes. But despite the high cost of attractions, food and transport, it is worth visiting Vienna. This is the place where all European nobility, all emperors, kings and heads of state spent their leisure time. Therefore, if you are thinking about it, then it is worth while to forget about the budget and allow yourself some luxury, because this is the only way to fully experience the lifestyle of this place.
Unfortunately, during my short trip to Austria, I managed to visit only the capital of the state, Vienna. However, with great hope I look forward to a trip to other famous regions of the country: Hallstatt, Salzburg, Innsbruck, and the Tyrolean lands. As soon as it happens, information about these incredible places will appear on this page. In the meantime, I invite you to visit one of the most beautiful and richest European capitals - Vienna!